The human body is designed to take in the ingested food & drinks, digest them, assimilate them and excrete them out of the body. This is why we all have a highly functional excretory system which obliges us by excreting the extra liquids out.
However, it’s not just the liquids that get excreted. In fact, human body throws out unwanted wastes such as uric acid etc. produced in the body. The excretory system consists of a number of parts and out of these, the ones which hold the primary importance are the kidneys.
As we have been studying ever since our childhood, kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped internal organs that perform a number of functions such as filtration of waste, blood purification and removal of excess of water from the body.
Besides, they regulate the level of salts, potassium and pH in the body and contribute to control of blood pressure by secreting a hormone.
But what would happen if your kidneys face some disease?
According to India Today, Chronic Kidney Disease – a common disease in human kidneys affects around 10 percent of the world’s population and the number is gradually seeing an increase.
So here I have brought for you some very useful information about kidneys and how to take the best care of these organs to keep them healthy for your entire life.
Major Causes of Kidney Troubles:
Kidney diseases may be caused due to a number of reasons and the most prominent ones among them are as follows:
Diabetes: Too much sugar in your blood could be a major cause of kidney diseases and it eventually leads to complete failure of the kidneys.
High Blood Pressure: High blood pressure may lead to damage in the blood vessels of the kidneys due to which they do not work well. In fact, high blood pressure and kidney diseases are actually interrelated and if you face any one of them, the other could influence you soon.
Besides these major causes, chronic kidney diseases may occur due to several other minor reasons such as:
- Kidney infections
- Genetic disorders
- Toxic drugs
- A body disease affecting kidneys
- Metallic poisoning such as lead poisoning
- Rare genetic diseases such as Alport syndrome
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome in children
- Renal artery stenosis
Other Kind of Kidney Diseases:
Kidney stones are one of the most common kidney problems. They occur when impurities in blood turn into crystals in the kidney and form solid masses. Kidney stones are extremely painful and can come out through urine.
Glomeruli are tiny structures inside kidneys and are responsible for filtering the blood. Glomerylonephritis is an inflammation in these structures which can be caused due to infections, innate defects or drugs. Most of these infections and inflammations get better on their own.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
This is a genetic disorder that leads to innumerable cysts that grow in kidneys. the cysts may meddle with the kidney functioning and eventually lead to kidney failures.
Urinary Tract Infections
These are bacterial infections in parts of the urinary system. They mostly affect the kidney, bladder and urethra. But you can treat these infections easily and prevent any significant health problem. However, if you ignore them, they spread and lead to kidney failures.
Symptoms of Kidney Diseases:
Most often, people would ignore the minor symptoms of kidney diseases and they later turn to be severe. Some of the major warning signs or symptoms of kidney diseases are as follows:
- Loss of appetite
- Sleeping troubles
- Muscle cramps
- Swollen limbs
- Swollen areas around eyes in the morning
- Frequent urination
All these tend to be the small signs of kidney diseases and disorders. In case the troubles increase, you may face symptoms such as:
- Non-frequent urination
- Fluid retention
- Body inflammations
- Decreased sex drive
Apart from this, people with kidney diseases often come across troubles such as diabetes, high blood pressure or other chronic kidney diseases in the due course.
How To Treat Kidney Troubles?
If you are diagnosed with a kidney disorder, these are usually treated by controlling the cause of the disease. Precisely, the doctors would use or suggest certain measures to control your blood sugar, cholesterol level or blood pressure in the body.
Some of the methods of treating kidney diseases are as follows:
While the underlying cause of the kidney disorder is caught, it is easy for the doctors to inhibit further degradation with the help of medications. These drugs and medications are provided to control the major causes which lead to the disorders.
Through Dietary Changes:
While taking medicines for a disease is necessary making dietary changes is also as important. Some of the major dietary changes to cut kidney diseases are as follows:
- Reduction of salt intake
- Reduction of foods which are high in cholesterol
- Taking healthy products which include fruits, whole grains, whole-grain products and low-fat dairy products.
- Quitting smoking completely
- Limiting alcohol consumption
- Controlling body weight
- Daily exercises and other physical activities
How to Stay Away from Kidney Diseases:
Some kidney diseases are inherited and are acquired by the person naturally at a certain age and these are normally impossible to control. However, you can definitely take precautions and keep away from kidney diseases as much as possible.
Here are some of the steps that you can take:
- Ensure drinking lots of water every day
- Keep your blood sugar in check
- Control your blood pressure
- Reduce the amount of salt in your food
- Quit smoking, if you are in a habit
- Do not take over-the-counter drugs
If diagnosed with a kidney disease
- Limit the intake of sodium in your food
- Limit sources of animal fats, citric acid and oxalate (found in beets, chocolate, sweet potato and spinach etc.)
- Consult a doctor before taking sodium drugs
Kidney diseases once acquired are practically impossible to be treated completely. However, you can surely stay away from them by using the aforementioned methods and even control their effect, if acquired.
Besides, make sure you keep in regular touch with your doctor and get body-check-ups in routine.